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Western University SociologyFaculty of Social Science
Sean Waite

Photo by Cliff Davidson

Sean Waite, Assistant Professor

Ph.D., McGill University (Sociology)Full CV pdf

B.A., King's University College, Western University

In the News

June 7, 2016 "Wage gap exists for LGBTQ Canadians, and current research doesn’t tell the full story" Yahoo News, Finance

March 23, 2016 "Are Gay Employees Paid Less Than Straight Ones?" Newsweek

June 17, 2015 "Unequal Pay: The Gay Wage Gap" The Atlantic

May 19, 2015 “Gay men in relationships make less money than straight men.” Global News


Sean Waite’s research explores how gender and sexual orientation shape human capital acquisition, occupation and industry choice and earnings in Canada. He is currently working on a collaborative project that combines quantitative, qualitative and experimental research methods to study the employment experiences and outcomes of Canada’s LGBTQ community. Sean also examines returns to higher education, with a particular interest in the labour market outcomes of Canada’s doctoral graduates.

Current Research Projects

Employment Discrimination and the Labour Market Experiences of Canada’s LGBTQ Population

Postgraduate employment, earnings, and the gender wage gap: An analysis of the labour market outcomes of Canada’s masters and doctoral graduates

Same-sex and opposite-sex coupling in Canada: How does selection into partnership impact sexual minority wage gaps

Gender differences in the early career earnings of university graduates: Evidence from Canada’s National Graduate Survey


Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Insight Development Grant (IDG), Employment Discrimination and the Labour Market Experiences of Canada’s LGBTQ Population with Nicole Denier (collaborator), $71,000. 2017-2019

SSHRB Internal Seed Research Grant, What can survey and administrative data tell us about Canada's LGBT community? Where we stand and what the future holds. $20,578. 2018-2019

Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR), Planning Grant, Partnership Development for Community-Based Research on LGBTQ Identity, Poverty and Health. Collaborator with Lori Ross, Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto. 2017.

Recent Activities

July 18, 2018 “Who gets hitched?: Documenting Selectivity into Partnership Among LGB and Heterosexual Canadians” Nicole Denier (presenter), Sean Waite and Vesna Pajovic at the International Sociological Association. Session: Demography of LGBTI Populations. Toronto Ontario.

May 30, 2018 presented “Documenting selectivity into partnership among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual Canadians: Data, methods, and implications for sexual minority wage gap estimates”  in Session 1.3: Labour Market of the Canadian Population Society Annual General Meeting, Regina

Recent Publications (Past 5 Years)
>for more see Full CV

Peer-Reviewed Articles

(2019) "Sexual orientation at work: documenting and understanding inequality." (with Nicole Denier) Sociological Compass. First Look

(2019) “A research note on Canada’s LGBT data landscape: where we are and what the future holds.”  (with Nicole Denier) Canadian Review of Sociology. 56(1): 93-117.

(2017) "Sexual orientation wage gaps across contexts: Evidence from Canada" (with Nicole Denier) Industrial Relations / Relations Industrielles 72(4): 734-762.

(2017) "Postgraduate Wage Premiums and the Gender Wage Gap in Canada" Canadian Journal of Higher Education 47(2):156-187.

(2017) "Gender differences in the earnings produced by middle range education: The case of Canadian ‘colleges’" (with Michael Smith and Claire Durand) Social Science Research 66: 140-153.

(2016) "Data and discrimination: A research note on sexual orientation in the Canadian labour market" (with Nicole Denier) Canadian Studies in Population 43(3-4): 264-71.

(2016) "Self-Employment among Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex Couples in Canada" (with Nicole Denier) Canadian Review of Sociology 53(2): 143-175.

(2015) "Does it get better? A quasi-cohort analysis of sexual minority wage gaps" Social Science Research 54: 113-130.

(2015) "Gay Pay for Straight Work: Mechanisms Generating Disadvantage" (with Nicole Denier) Gender & Society 29(4): 561-588.

Other Publications

(2018). "Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) Canadians are more likely than heterosexual to be the victims of violent crime". Report prepared for The Canadian Centre for Gender & Sexual Diversity.

(2018) "LGBTQ people’s experience of employment". 2018. Report prepared for the Canadian Coalition against LGBTQ2S+ Poverty (CCALP) Partnership Meeting. 

(2018) "Gender Diverse Employees in the Public Sector: Results form the 2017 Public Service Employee Survey. Report prepared for The Canadian Centre for Gender & Sexual Diversity.

(2017) "What are the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and queer (LGBTQ+) people that should be addressed by Canada’s Poverty Reduction Strategy (CPRS)". A joint submission from the Canadian Coalition against LGBTQ+ Poverty (CCALP).

(2016) "From the Law Firm to the Lecture Hall" Sociology on the Rock 14: 2-4.

(2016) "There’s a wage hierarchy based on sexual orientation" (with Nicole Denier) LSE Business Review.

(2015) "How your sexual orientation can affect how much you earn" (with Nicole Denier) The London School of Economics and Political Science Daily Blog on American Politics and Policy.

(2015) "Gay Pay for Straight Work" (with Nicole Denier) Gender & Society Blog.

Thesis Supervision

Katelyn Delania Mitri. 2018. “Does Higher Education Make a Difference? The Influence of Educational Attainment on Women’s and Men’s Employment Outcomes.” (MA Research Paper)

Current Graduate Students

Rachel Fazzari, Western University. MA supervisor. 2018 – Present.

Katelyn Delania Mitri, Western University. PhD joint supervisor with Kim Shuey. 2018 – Present.

Vesna Pajovic, Western University. PhD joint supervision with Kim Shuey. 2018 - Present.