Population Change and Lifecourse

2011 Archives - Cluster members in the media

October - December

December 20 , 2011 - The Globe and Mail
Saskatoon bound: Newcomers lead westward shift

By: Anna Mehler Paperny

...The booming Prairie province has become a magnet for migrants – from the Philippines, Ukraine, China, India and England. In fact, Saskatchewan and Alberta lead the country in population growth, according to numbers from Statistics Canada released Tuesday. International migration to Saskatchewan over the third quarter of 2011 was the highest it has been for any quarter since 1971. ...

While he’s hesitant to prognosticate, University of Western Ontario professor Roderic Beaujot said there’s reason to believe these trends are more than just a blip. “We’re seeing important changes in the pattern of interprovincial migration and the settlement of international migrants across the country,” he said. “I think there’s some staying power here.” ...

December 13 , 2011 - The Vancouver Sun
Support for immigration connected with our national identity

By: Jeffrey Reitz

"Canadian support for immigration has been consistently high over the past 15 to 20 years, as have immigration levels. In 2010, support for immigration was at its highest since 1957, according to the findings of my recent study, published by the Institute for Research on Public Policy (IRPP). The study shows that majority Canadian support for high immigration levels is 58 per cent and has been remarkably stable over time, relatively unaffected by recessions, the threat of terrorism and negative reports on specific immigrant groups. Support is particularly strong among more educated Canadians, the young, those who are fully employed and men. ...”

22 novembre, 2011 - TVA NOUVELLES
Impact dévastateur des mauvaises habitudes alimentaires (French Only)

"Pour 25% des Canadiens âgés de 31 à 50 ans, la part des matières grasses provenant de la consommation totale de calories dépasse la limite recommandée, selon une étude menée par des chercheurs de l'Université Concordia, à Montréal. Toutefois, les personnes qui ont une alimentation équilibrée ont 20% moins de risques d'être obèses. «Le risque d'obésité ou de surpoids est directement lié aux mauvaises habitudes alimentaires comme le fait de sauter des repas, de manger au restaurant ainsi que de consommer beaucoup d'aliments prêts à manger ou transformés, mais peu de fruits et de légumes», explique l'auteur principal de cette étude, Sunday Azagba, doctorant au Département de sciences économiques de l'Université Concordia. ... ”

The study is co-authored by Mesbah Sharaf, also a PhD student, Department of Economics, Concordia University.

November 7, 2011 - the star.com
Supporting immigration is just so Canadian

By: Jeffrey Reitz

"If the Ontario election campaign reflected anything about the politics of immigration in this country, it was the generally positive role that it plays. Most notably, the opposition issue of supposedly unfair benefits to “foreign workers” was a spectacular flop because the public holds a fairly positive view of immigrants. This and the increased prominence of new Canadians as candidates were cheerful and encouraging reminders of the changing face of Canadian politics, and also of Canadians’ general openness to immigration.” ...

31 octobre 2011 - 98,5 FM
Est-ce que la planète est capable de fournir les 7 milliards d'humains? (French Only)

Émission de Benoît Dutrizac
Entrevue de Tom K. Legrand à propos du 7 milliards d'humains sur terre

October 28, 2011 - CBC News
Child immigrants over 9 more likely to drop out

By: Louise Elliott

"Children who immigrate to Canada after the age of nine are far more likely to drop out of school and never go back, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at the census data of more than 100,000 new Canadians who immigrated before the age of 18. The study showed a link between educational achievement and the age at which a child learned English or French. Miles Corak, a University of Ottawa labour economist, led the study. He says children who came to Canada before the age of nine performed well in school — in fact they often did better than their domestically born peers. "This is the first time we've seen this distinct pattern in Canadian research, in part because it's been dominated by focus on adults," he said. Corak found that children who came later fared far worse. ... "

October 20, 2011 - Western News
Earth's population reaching 7 billion and counting

By: Heather Travis

"...The world’s population may soar to 7 billion by the end of this month. And, with each new baby, the global footprint expands as does the social, economic and environmental challenges worldwide. ...On average, four births and two deaths occur every second. This represents a daily growth of the equivalent of a small city like Regina or Saskatoon, says Don Kerr, sociology professor and social demographer at the King’s University College. ... While we are not multiplying as fast as we once were, there have been some recent increases. In 2000, 39 countries had 1.3 births per woman, now there are only four countries with a birth rate this low, says Rod Beaujot, sociology professor emeritus and a member of Western’s Population Studies Centre. "

July - September

August 29 , 2011 - The INDEPENDENT
Job stress taking a toll on North Americans, research says

"Researchers say more and more Canadians are suffering from stress on the job and turning to physicians to help cope with the strain. Meanwhile, Americans don't seem to faring much better: recent polls found that 70 percent of American workers consider their workplace a significant source of stress. Announced last week, a Canadian study published in the journal BMC Public Health crunched data from the Canadian National Population Health Survey to find statistics on health care visits, illnesses, smoking habits, income level, and other details. The findings showed that more people are turning to professional help for a range of physical, mental, and emotional issues the researchers associated with job stress. Co-author Mesbah Sharaf from the Concordia Department of Economics says that all this extra work stress adds up to numerous health risks, including back pain, colorectal cancer, infectious disease, heart problems, and diabetes. Meanwhile, he adds that job stress can interfere with healthy habits, such as getting to the gym, eating well, and not indulging in fatty or sugary treats. ..."

July 29 , 2011 - London Free Press
Feds back program for youth: Obesity

By: Adela Talbot

"...The Public Health Agency of Canada is providing more than $150,000 for the project to help native youth reach and maintain healthier weights. ...The World Health Organization has said obesity threatens to become epidemic within a decade. Why the issue is more prevalent among aboriginal youth is complex, said Martin Cooke of the University of Waterloo, who's involved with the project. He said the reasons often vary -- from poverty, to lack of healthy food and physical activity, parental disruptions, loss of traditional food knowledge and residential schooling, biology and other factors. Just as the reasons are complex, so are the solutions, he said. ..."

13 julliet 2011 - métro
Les taxes sur le tabac pas toujours efficaces (French Only)

"L’augmentation de la taxation des cigarettes n’incite pas tous les fumeurs à rompre avec leur habitude. Une étude menée par deux économistes de l’Université Concordia et rapportée dans l’International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health montre qu’à long terme, seuls les moins nantis et les représentants de la classe moyenne ont tendance à arrêter de fumer quand il y a majoration des taxes sur le tabac. Par contre, une telle mesure ne suffit pas à persuader les gens âgés de 25 à 44 ans ou les mieux nantis à bannir la cigarette. ...Selon une théorie généralement admise par les décideurs, plus le prix des cigarettes est élevé, plus les fumeurs cibles, les élèves du secondaire notamment, réduisent leur consommation de tabac. «Dans l’ensemble, les fumeurs des groupes socioéconomiques les plus faibles se révèlent plus sensibles au prix que ceux des classes aisées», explique Mesbah Sharaf, coauteur de la recherche. «Ainsi, une hausse de 10% du paquet de cigarettes sous forme de taxes entraîne une diminution d’environ 2,3% du tabagisme.» "

April - June

May 7, 2011 - The Globe and Mail
Why do we insist on judging mothers?

By: Erin Anderssen

"...For her recent book Against the Grain, Gillian Ranson tracked down 32 couples in Alberta, Ontario and British Columbia who were blurring gender lines for work and family, either because they work shifts, or dad is at home while mom earns the salary, or just because they chose to – a group she calls “dual dividers.” The moms – the parents – in Dr. Ranson’s research have let go of maternal obligations and allowed the fathers to step in. In these families, the sociologist says, “all the things that were normally associated with mothering and all the things we normally associate with fathering got mixed up in one large container and randomly distributed.” ..."

May 1, 2011 - ADVISOR.CA
Getting Couples on Track

By: Gabrielle Bauer

"...A recent study led by Dr. Céline Le Bourdais, a sociology professor and Canada Research Chair at McGill University in Montreal, gives the lie to the notion that a marriage licence is “just a piece of paper.” The study analyzed married and common-law couples’ financial habits in the U.S., Denmark, France and Spain. As it turned out, cohabiting couples were between four to five times more likely to keep their finances separate than married couples. The difference was as pronounced in Denmark, where cohabitation is commonplace, as in Spain, where it is relatively rare. On the flip side, “cohabiting couples tend to split domestic work down the middle, while married couples are more likely to ‘specialize’ in the work they do best or most readily,” says Le Bourdais. “You might say that married couples pool their money, while cohabiting couples pool their work.” ..."

avril 2011 - bien grandir
La famille québécoise: Portrait d’une réalité en mouvement (French Only)

By: Marie Charbonniaud

" ...De l’avis de tous, la famille québécoise se fluidifie et se diversifie. «Ses contours ne s’arrêtent plus au couple et les enfants voyagent davantage entre plusieurs maisons, au coeur d’un réseau familial élargi», explique Solène Lardoux, professeure adjointe au département de démographie de l’Université de Montréal. La famille intacte n’est cependant pas en voie de disparition, loin de là. Parmi l’ensemble des familles biparentales avec enfants, 86 % sont intactes et seules 14 % sont recomposées. ...«Auparavant, il y avait plus de différences socioéconomiques au sein des couples. Par exemple, des hommes éduqués mariaient des femmes peu scolarisées. Aujourd’hui, les couples se ressemblent de plus en plus. Ce qui est positif pour les femmes, tout en étant une nouvelle source d’inégalités économiques entre les familles», remarque Céline Le Bourdais, chercheure affiliée à l’Université McGill.»"

27 avril 2011 - LA PRESSE.CA
Épidémie de demi-frères aux États-Unis (French Only)

By: Mathieu Perreault

" ...Le nombre de demi-frères et soeurs atteint des proportions épidémiques aux États-Unis. Parmi les femmes qui ont plus d'un enfant, 28% ont eu leur progéniture avec plusieurs pères, selon une étude dévoilée au congrès de l'Association américaine pour la population, début avril, à Washington. ...Est-il possible que la faveur du mariage aux États-Unis rende les deuxièmes unions plus rassurantes, donc plus susceptibles de déboucher sur un enfant? «Je ne crois pas», indique Céline Le Bourdais, sociologue à l'Université McGill. «Il est vrai qu'au Québec, les couples mariés ont un indice de fécondité plus élevé. Mais je crois que c'est dû au fait que c'est une population plus traditionnelle, qui met davantage l'accent sur la famille.»"

April 27, 2011 - The Globe and Mail
The Globe's Doug Saunders wins Donner Prize

By: John Barber

Globe and Mail European bureau chief Doug Saunders has won the $35,000 Donner Prize for Arrival City: The Final Migration and Our Next World, which the jury for the annual award for public-policy writing declared is “a work that analyzes a global trend that we ignore at our peril.” Arrival City, Saunders’s first book, highlights global migration as a defining force of 21st-century life and predicts that the volatile communities it creates will become the sites of either great creativity or violence. ..."

(Note: Doug Saunders is a member of the PCLC Advisory Council)

April 7, 2011 - Transition
Caring and Kinscripts

By: Susan McDaniel, FRSC

"Families in middle and older life are a growing focus of policy interest in Canada. This is largely because of the involvement of families now and in the future in providing care and support for aging relatives and friends. As formal systems of support either shrink or do not keep pace with increased demand for services occasioned by an aging population, the pressure on families to sustain and expand their caregiving roles will only increase. Families, it is now presumed, although not fully acknowledged in any meaningful way, do vital work for society, much of which remains hidden, unacknowledged and gendered. ..."

April 7, 2011 - Transition
Eldercare: By Seniors for Seniors

By: Terri Lobsinger

...Measures of duration (months and years) of time spent providing care show that 13.3% of care lasts under 6 months, 10.7% of care lasts from 6 to 12 months, 15.7% of care lasts between 1 and 2 years, and 60.3% of care lasts over two years ([Janet] Fast and [Norah] Keating, 2001). These data demonstrate the severity and intensity of care work and the commitment demonstrated by caregivers. ...

...Health related consequences speak to the physical, social and emotionalpsychological impact of caregiving (Fast and Keating, 2001). ..."

January - March

Letters for March 2011 - LITERARY REVIEW OF CANADA
Review of "Life in the Afternoon" by Lydsay Green

By: Rod Beaujot

"While only some of us are selfish as individuals, as a generation the baby boom is a self-serving lot. Most recently, we have brought an end to mandatory retirement, arguing that we had the “right” to keep our well-paid jobs, but preventing the younger generation from obtaining secure employment. While we profited from low tuition, we have now raised the costs of education so that the next generation could pay our high and secure salaries. Due to the size of the baby boom generation, these issues of intergenerational equity will only increase as we draw further on pay-as-you-go retirement and health benefits. ..."

March, 2011 - LITERARY REVIEW OF CANADA
Taxi Driver Syndrome: Behind-the-scenes immigration changes are creating new problems on top of old ones

By: Jeffrey G. Reitz

"Are immigrant professionals still driving taxis? The answer is yes. They are also mopping floors, bagging groceries, guarding office buildings, delivering pizzas, waiting tables and working at call centres. Once in Canada, many skilled immigrants, particularly those with Indian, Caribbean, Chinese or Arab backgrounds, wind up in occupations far below their educational levels—despite having been selected for high levels of training and experience in professions such as health care, engineering and education. The problem is known as “brain waste” and some economists estimate its cost to Canada as totalling at least $3 billion a year, not to mention the ruined dreams suffered by the immigrants themselves. ..."

April 4, 2011 - The Globe and Mail
The youthful face of Nunavut expresses hope, despair

By: Joe Freisen

... Rod Beaujot, a demographer at the University of Western Ontario, said the big question is whether the North will be able to integrate these young people successfully. In the past, many of the brightest young people have moved south and not returned, while many of the jobs have been taken by southerners moving north.

 

“Will they be brought into society and work and feel they have a place or will they feel alienated? They may feel they need to change everything in order to achieve anything,” Prof. Beaujot said. ...."

February 8 & 9, 2011 - CBC Radio
ideas

Jeffrey Reitz participates in the radio program, Being Canadian, Part 1. "Ideas, stories, and reflections on being Canadian: who we are, what we are, and what it means to be a citizen of Canada today. From east to west, public intellectuals and private citizens (both new and old Canadians), tell film-maker Sun-Kyung (Sunny) Yi about the concerns, the questions, and the challenges of living together in a multicultural and diverse society. Co-written and produced by Sara Wolch."

January 28, 2011 - The Globe and Mail
Child development not linked to length of parental leave, government argues

By: Jill Mahoney

"... Never mind the mommy wars over staying at home versus rejoining the work force, the question of whether longer parental leaves have tangible advantages for children is the subject of great debate among sociologists and economists. “The research that has been done is inconsistent at best, and it’s largely because it’s very complex and challenging to assess,” said Donna Lero, a professor of family relations and applied nutrition at the University of Guelph who has studied parental leave. ...."