Despite decades of universal health insurance coverage, most developed countries are still faced with glaring health inequalities that are not reducible to lifestyle and health behaviours, and that bear a strong relationship with many social determinants. This situation has been deemed of such concern to researchers and policymakers alike that limiting these inequalities has been put at the forefront of the agenda of many governing bodies.
Social inequalities in health are generated by the accumulation of vulnerabilities and risks that begin at conception and that may be compounded or mitigated by the intervening life experiences. These inequalities are also thought to be the product of multigenerational processes that combine genetic and social risks.
Research in a lifecourse framework can inform social policies that would mitigate the downward spiral of these processes of cumulative disadvantage.
The Canadian Public Policy published Vol. 41, Issue Supplement 2, with aricles based on papers presented in the international conference on "Social Policy and Health Inequalities: An International Perspective" held in Montreal on May 7-9, 2014. The conference was co-sponsored by the Cluster Thematic Committee on Health over the Life Course.
Parents' level of education and their adult children's risk of experiencing major depression/
Scolarité des parents et risque de dépression chez les jeunes adultes
Amélie Quesnel-Vallée, Leader of Health over the Life Course Thematic Committee
Co-sponsored with the Canadian Research Data Centres Network (CRDCN)
- All the departments of sociology, economics, epidemiology and public health across Canada were examined for Faculty interests that coincided with the focus of the thematic committee and the PCLC mandate.
- A list of 56 new potential members was drafted from this canvassing, and invitations to join the cluster were sent, resulting in 25 responses from faculty members and some of their students.
- Conducted an international search of research centers focused on health inequalities for an online repository of health inequalities research and as a means of international partner recruitment.
Special Panel Session at the Annual Meetings of the Canadian Population Society and the Canadian Sociological Association
- Making the most of Statistics Canada's Linked Census and Administrative Data Files: Exploring the Research Potential of the 1991 Census Linked File
The project prepares, for public health researchers and the policy community, a synthesis of the public health literature on socioeconomic inequalities in health and the welfare state. Research on the social determinants of health and health inequalities has drawn increasingly from the comparative social policy literature. Much of the health research has relied mainly on one welfare regime typology; however, there is a need to explore and systematically and critically review the efficacy of alternative regime typologies. The project conducts a search of key electronic data bases from 1970 to present in order to identify all observational and intervention studies that examine the relationship between the welfare state and morbidity and mortality.
2010 Socio-Economic Conference
Session on Public Policies and Health Inequalities
- What is the Contribution of Early Life Circumstances, Adult Circumstances and Adult Health Behaviour to Educational Differences in Major Depressive Episode During Young Adulthood in Men and Women?
Alison Park, Amélie Quesnel-Vallée and Rebecca Fuhrer, McGill University,
- Cost-related Prescription Drug Non-adherence Across Canada
David Haardt, Dalhousie University
- Defining Disability: Recognizing the Heterogeneity of Care Receivers and Its Consequences for Projecting Future Care needs of Canadians
Janice Keefe, Mount Saint Vincent University; Jacques Légaré and Patrick Charbonneau, Université de Montréal; Yann Décarie, Université de Sherbrooke
4th Population, Work, Family Policy Research Collaboration
Session on Social Inequalities in Health over the Life Course
- Socio-geographic mobility and health status: A longitudinal analysis using the national population health survey of Canada
Sarah Curtis, Amelie Quesnel-Vallée, Maninder Setia, McGill University,
- Social inequalities in health dynamics: A comparison of the United States and Britain
PeggyMcDonough, Diana Worts, and Amanda Sacker, University of Toronto
- Later life health risks in relation to growing income inequalities in the United States and Canada
Susan McDaniel, University of Utah
2009 Socio-Economic Conference
Session on Socio-Economic Inequalities in Access to Health Care
- Income, Access to Mental Health Services and Perceived Unmet Need in Canada
Amélie Quesnel-Vallée, McGill University; Eric Latimer, Aihua Liu and Jean Caron, McGill University and Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Montréal
- Arduous Access: Does Socio-economic Status Affect Access to Primary Care in Quebec, Canada?
Tania Jenkins, McGill University
- Health Care Access - who gets it and who doesn’t? Evidence from the National Population Health Survey (1994-2006)
Maninder Singh Setia, Amelie Quesnel-Vallee, Michal Abrahamowicz, and Pierre Tousignant, McGill University John Lynch, University of South Australia,
2009 CRDCN Annual Conference: Health Over the Life Course
Session on Social Inequalities, Health, and Policy
- Unequal Health and Income Trajectories: The Role of Health Insurance in a National Health System
Emilie Renahy and Amélie Quesnel-Vallée
- Socioeconomic History and Preventable Disease: A Comparative Analysis of Fundamental Cause Theory
Andrea Willson and Amir Erfani
- Welfare Regimes and Social Inequalities in Health Dynamics: A Comparative Analysis of Panel Data from Britain, Denmark, Germany and the US
Peggy McDonough, Diana Worts, Amanda Sacker