Cluster members in the media
THE GLOBE AND MAIL
Income inequality in Canada: What’s the problem?
" This is part of The Globe's Wealth Paradox series, a two-week examination into how the income divide is shaping Canada. Globe and Mail columnist Konrad Yakabuski led a discussion with five of Canada’s leading experts about this country’s income gap and what can be done about it. ...Miles Corak is a professor of economics at the University of Ottawa.
... Miles Corak: It is certainly the case that income inequality has increased in Canada, not as much as in the United States, but certainly more, as Jim has stressed, than in many other countries. Particularly notable has been the rise in the share of income going to the top 1 per cent. Whether this is a "problem", however, is an open question. Whether public policy should be addressing the rise in inequality depends upon the underlying drivers, what can effectively be done about them, and, most importantly, it depends upon the consequences and costs of higher inequality. ..."
THE GLOBE AND MAIL
November 14, 2013
How globalization has left the 1 per cent even further ahead
Tavia Grant and Janet McFarland
"This is part of The Globe's Wealth Paradox series, a two-week examination into how the income divide is shaping Canada.
Income levels for most Canadians haven’t changed much in recent years, but for one group: The wealthy are pulling away from the pack.
An analysis of top earners shows their annual incomes have more than doubled over the past three decades while the median taxpayer’s income has changed very little, suggesting that in Canada – as in the United States – the wealthy have benefited most from economic growth and productivity gains. ...
“The market has grown a lot bigger, so the top sports stars, movie stars and business executives make mega bucks, because the catchment area for their appeal is huge – it’s now global, whereas 10 or 20 years ago it was more localized,” said Michael Wolfson, an economist and Canada research chair at the University of Ottawa. Canada has long been considered more equal in income than the U.S. due to its stronger social support programs, but that’s changing with global competition and more porous borders. “It’s been a lagged adjustment in Canada. But the more egalitarian tendencies just couldn’t stand up, particularly at the high end of the income distribution, to the pressures from U.S. competition,” where CEO pay is skyrocketing, Mr. Wolfson said. ..."
12 Octobre 2013
Prix Thérèse-Gouin-Décarie - Démographe de famille
«Je n’ai jamais vraiment eu d’objectifs de carrière»
" Ce texte fait partie d'un cahier spécial.
« La famille a subi des changements rapides, mais tout n’est pas survenu d’un coup », observe celle qui, selon plusieurs, est la plus grande spécialiste de la famille au pays. La progression des travaux de Céline Le Bourdais illustre bien les mutations domestiques des dernières décennies. ..."
The Washington Post OPINIONS
August 14, 2013
Social immobility erodes the American dream
By Fareed Zakaria
" If there’s one issue on which both the left and right agree, it is the crisis of declining mobility. The American dream at its core is that a person, no matter his or her background, can make it here. ... For more than a decade, it has been documented that Northern European countries do better at moving poor people up the ladder than the United States does. Some have dismissed these findings, pointing out that the United States cannot be compared with places such as Denmark, an ethnically homogeneous country of 5.5 million people. But Miles Corak of the University of Ottawa points out in his contribution to the Journal of Economic Perspectives that Canada is a very useful point of comparison, being much like the United States. ..."
The Bill Good Show
August 13, 2013
Karen Duncan had a short radio interview on shift work and work-life balance in relation to the strike vote by Public Service Alliance of Canada (PSAC) workers at the Vancouver International Airport. She spoke with Mike Smyth on The Bill Good Show.
To read more on shift work and work-life balance see: The effect of work arrangements on perceived work-family balance
August 9, 2013
Immigrant birthrate significant: study
By Douglas Todd, Postmedia News
New immigrants to Canada are much more likely to have babies than their native-born counterparts. Immigrant women who have spent five years in Canada "have almost twice as many children of preschool age (as) the average Canadian-born woman," according to an extensive study by two noted economists. The University of Waterloo's Ana Ferrer and Princeton University's Alicia Adsera pored over two decades of Statistics Canada census data to reach their conclusion. There are major birthrate differences, depending on newcomers' country of origin: The women who have the highest birthrates tend to be from Africa, Pakistan and India. The study by Ferrer and Adsera - which explores how childbirth rates affect a family's "economic assimilation" and other aspects of integration - aims to help governments and businesses respond to demographic changes in Canada, track the availability of workers of both sexes and adjust taxpayer-support services.
August 2, 2013
Opinion: Canadian pension system has serious consequences
by Michael Wolfson
"... In a study released recently by the Institute for Research on Public Policy, I used Statistics Canada’s Lifepaths model to project both the current retirement-income system and some more “out-of-the-box” options for meaningful reform. The projections show that about half of middle-income earners over the age of 40 today will see a significant decline in their standard of living post-retirement. This may come as a rude awakening for many. Most pension experts agree with Flaherty when he says, “Canadians are not saving enough for their retirement.” So what’s the solution? All pension-reform scenarios put forward so far assume that any new retirement benefits need to be fully pre-funded. This means it would take nearly half a century for any enhanced benefits to be fully phased in. "...
FI: FINANCE ET INVESTISSEMENT
25 juillet 2013
ASLD: l'obésité causera bien des soucis
"ASSURANCE SOINS DE LONGUE DURÉE - « La fumée tue. L'obésité rend invalide », résumait Jacques Légaré, professeur au département de démographie de l’Université de Montréal lors d’une présentation durant la Conférence de Montréal, au début de juin. Or, le Canada pourrait connaître une éventuelle épidémie d'obésité dans les prochaines, ce qui risque d'augmenter la probabilité de vieillir en mauvaise santé. « L'obésité pourrait davantage contribuer à une augmentation du nombre d'années vécues avec des incapacités plutôt qu'une augmentation du nombre de décès prématurés », indiquait Jacques Légaré. « Des niveaux élevés d'obésité risquent de voir les espérances de vie en santé diminuer, mais pas l'espérance de vie tous états de santé confondus », ajoutait-il. "...