Population Change and Lifecourse

2014 Archives - Cluster members in the media

October 30, 2014 - The New York Times
Does Having Kids Get a Bad Rap?

October 30, 2014
The New York Times, The Opinion Pages
By Anna North

"For anyone considering procreation, recent research on the psychological effects of that decision is not particularly encouraging. ...But new research by Mikko Myrskylä and Rachel Margolis finds that having kids can actually be a happiness booster — at least for some parents, and at least for a while. By analyzing longitudinal surveys of satisfaction conducted in Germany and Britain, they found that expectant parents generally start getting a little happier before their children are born, then stay happier for a while before returning back to normal. The trajectory varies with age, though — parents between the ages of 18 and 22 didn’t get the boost and in fact saw their happiness drop. Parents 35 to 49 got the most durable happiness bump — they got happier before the arrival of a child, then settled in at or above where they were before. The effect shrank with each child; by the third kid, parents no longer get a boost. ..."

April 5, 2014 - Brantford Expositorz
Photovoice exhibit features work of immigrant women

April 5, 2014
brantford expositor.ca
By Michael-Allan Marion, Brantford Expositor

"Scores of professors, students, artists and political dignitaries gathered Friday in front of The Yellow Brick Wall in Laurier Brantford's 97 Dalhousie Street building for the launch of an unusual exhibit at the intersection of art and academic analysis. Titled, Do You See What I See? A Photovoice Exhibit, a collection of photographic images with sparse commentary under each image is a major aspect of a thesis by Bharati Sethi, a PhD candidate in Laurier Brantford's faculty of Social Work and a part-time instructor in the program. The exhibit showcases the findings of a four-year community-based participatory study by Sethi in which 17 immigrant women were given cameras to record their employment and health experiences, and three other women were interviewed. The findings are based on 525 participant-generated photographs, diaries and in-depth interviews. ..."

March 28, 2014 - University of Lethbridge UNews
McDaniel's SSHRC study reveals no evidence of labour shortage

March 28, 2014
University of Lethbridge UNews

"There is no evidence of a national labour shortage at present or into the foreseeable future, and furthermore, there are large groups of underutilized populations who could join the workforce or be more fully employed. The results of a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Knowledge Synthesis Grant, of which the University of Lethbridge’s Dr. Susan McDaniel was the principal investigator, reveal that Canada is not confronting a broad labour shortage, nor is a shortage anticipated in the near future, as some have been predicting. “The research literature clearly finds that there is no national labour shortage,” says McDaniel, Canada Research Chair in Global Population and Life Course as well as the Prentice Research Chair in Global Population and Economy. “There are skills shortages in some industries and regions, but the literature points to a mismatch of skills rather than a shortage. Reviewed research confirms that hiring difficulties that some employers have are due to normal cycles of the labour market for their specific industry and not a national skilled labour shortage.” ..."

March 25, 2014 - The Globe and Mail
How Kijiji's data threw off Ottawa’s math on skills shortages

March 25, 2014
By Bill Curry and Tavia Grant

"Economists have been scratching their heads for weeks as to how the Conservative government could claim on budget day that Canada’s job vacancy rate was on the rise when Statistics Canada said it was declining. The answer, it appears, is that Finance Canada’s numbers were thrown off by data from a surprising place: questionable job postings on Kijiji, a popular classified site used by Canadians to buy and sell everything from rarely used exercise bikes to old electronics. ...The report also takes aim at the potential impact of the controversial temporary foreign worker program. “It is also worth noting that a higher portion of temporary foreign workers in the private sector could also be putting downward pressure on the private-sector job vacancy rate,” the report states. Kevin McQuillan, deputy provost and professor of sociology at the University of Calgary, has written a paper challenging claims of a Canadian labour shortage and says the move to online job postings continues to give statisticians headaches. “We are struggling to deal not only with changes in the labour market, but changes in how people hire,” he said. “We haven’t really gotten on top of this new way of hiring that’s done in online postings, [where] the same notice of a job appearing on multiple sites, or social media. So counting that can be difficult.” "

29 January 2014 - The Tyee
The Banker Who Dares Argue Inequality Is Worse than Taxes

29 January 2014
By Andrew MacLeod

The Banker Who Dares Argue Inequality Is Worse than Taxes: Why Paul Summerville begs to differ with his business friends (as does The Economist)

" ... One measure where Canada does relatively well is on what's become known as The Great Gatsby Curve, which shows the relationship between inequality and inter-generational mobility. Across countries, as inequality increases, children are less likely to earn more money than their parents. Interestingly, however, the curve shows Canada with better mobility than several countries with lower inequality, including Japan, Germany and Sweden. In a December interview on CBC radio, University of Ottawa economist Miles Corak cautioned that the available social mobility statistics say more about how things are turning out for the baby boomers than they do about what's happening for generations growing up and entering the work force now. ..."

24 janvier 2014 - Le Devoir
Libre opinion - Exode des Québécois? Une étude trompeuse (French Only)

24 janvier 2014
Alain Bélanger

" Le 9 janvier, le quotidien The Gazette publiait un article intitulé « Number of Quebecers leaving the province is on the rise ». On y rapporte les résultats d’une étude du Canadian Institute for Identities and Migration. On peut y lire, par exemple, que le nombre de sortants du Québec vers une autre province canadienne enregistré entre janvier et septembre 2013 atteignait le niveau le plus élevé au cours du « siècle » pour une période de trois trimestres. ... Malheureusement, l’étude est trompeuse, car elle utilise des données de sources différentes qui ne sont tout simplement pas comparables entre elles. Il existe deux sources de données utilisées par Statistiques Canada pour estimer les mouvements interprovinciaux : les fichiers de prestations fiscales pour enfant et les fichiers de déclarations de revenu. La première source, moins fiable mais plus précoce, est utilisée pour établir les estimations provisoires, et la seconde pour calculer les estimations définitives. L’agence statistique nationale met en garde ses utilisateurs sur les risques de comparer les estimations provenant des deux sources, mais Jack Jedwab omet de le souligner. . ..."